Guru Tegh Bahadur (April 1, 1621 – November 24, 1675) was the ninth Guru of the Sikhs who followed the path laid down by the first Guru Nanak. Guru Granth Sahib includes the 115 verses which he wrote.
He firmly opposed the Kashmiri Pandits and other Hindus being converted into Muslims. Because of not accepting Islam, in 1675, the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb asked him to accept Islam, but Guru Sahib said that Sis can cut hair.
Then he got Guruji beheaded in front of everyone. Gurdwara Sheesh Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib commemorate the places where Guruji was killed and where his last rites were performed.
Guru Tegh Bahadur Saheb has a unique place in world history for those who sacrificed their lives to protect religion and human values, ideals and principles.
Guruji’s sacrifice, according to this Mahavakya, was not only for the practice of religion but for the entire cultural heritage of man. Religion was the name of cultural values and law of life for him.
His sacrifice for the real eternal ideals of religion, therefore, was in reality a final adventure in pursuit of cultural heritage and desirable legislation on life.
Guru Tegh Bahadurji’s sacrifice against the terrorist ruler’s policies against anti-religious and political freedom was a historical occurrence without precedent.
This was Guruji’s most exalted example of courageous conduct, religious honesty, and spiritual generosity. Guruji was a radical man of the period who gave his great martyrdom for faith and intellectual liberty.
On 11 November 1675 AD, Kazi read the fatwa in Delhi’s Chandni Chowk and the executioner Jalaldin swore the head of Guru Sahib away from the torso. But Guru Tegh Bahadur did not have a single word of pain on his mouth.
Guru Gobind Singh has written about his unique sacrifice in the play ‘Bichitra‘-
तिलक जंञू राखा प्रभ ताका॥ कीनो बडो कलू महि साका॥
साधन हेति इती जिनि करी॥ सीसु दीया परु सी न उचरी॥
धरम हेत साका जिनि कीआ॥ सीसु दीआ परु सिररु न दीआ॥ (दशम ग्रंथ)